…would be for the United States to admit we’ve achieved everything we’re likely to in Afghanistan (i.e. not much), and end the operation:
No other country in the world symbolizes the decline of the American empire as much as Afghanistan. There is virtually no possibility of a military victory over the Taliban and little chance of leaving behind a self-sustaining democracy — facts that Washington’s policy community has mostly been unable to accept…
Indeed, Afghanistan represents the triumph of the deterministic forces of geography, history, culture, and ethnic and sectarian awareness, with Pashtuns, Tajiks, Uzbeks and Hazaras and other groups competing for patches of ground. Tribes, warlords and mafia-style networks that control the drug trade rule huge segments of the country…
The United States’ special adviser to Afghanistan, Zalmay Khalilzad, is trying to broker a diplomatic solution that allows the United States to draw down its forces without the political foundation in Kabul disintegrating immediately.
That may be the real reason the United States keeps spending so heavily in Afghanistan. The Pentagon is terrified of a repeat of 1975, when panicked South Vietnamese fled Saigon as Americans pulled out and North Vietnamese forces advanced on the city. The United States military did not truly begin to recover from that humiliation until its victory in the Persian Gulf war of 1991. An abrupt withdrawal from Afghanistan could conceivably provide a new symbol of the decline in American hard power.
There is also the fear that an Afghanistan in chaos could once again provide a haven for an international terrorist group determined to perpetrate another Sept. 11-scale attack. Of course, Yemen, Somalia and a number of other places could also provide the setting for that. The point is, we remain in Afghanistan out of fear of even worse outcomes, rather than in the expectation of better ones.
Afghanistan has become America’s “tar baby.” The more we try to do there, the more we seem “stuck” with no vision or endgame in sight. The writer of the linked article is correct that our misadventures there are likely to signal to our adversaries we aren’t the power we used to be. But what is far worse is that our indecision and inability to know “when to fold them” demonstrates poor strategic judgment as well. Nothing encourages aggression like thinking your potential opponent is both weak AND a fool.
(Chinese) Rear Admiral Lou Yuan has told an audience in Shenzhen that the ongoing disputes over the ownership of the East and South China Seas could be resolved by sinking two US super carriers.
His speech, delivered on December 20 to the 2018 Military Industry List summit, declared that China’s new and highly capable anti-ship ballistic and cruise missiles were more than capable of hitting US carriers, despite them being at the centre of a ‘bubble’ of defensive escorts.
“What the United States fears the most is taking casualties,” Admiral Lou declared.
He said the loss of one super carrier would cost the US the lives of 5000 service men and women. Sinking two would double that toll.
Our extended presence in both Iraq and Afghanistan underscored our country’s emphasis upon what the military calls “force protection.” It’s natural for any military to seek to limit casualties, but when it becomes apparent that even a few deaths are enough to change national policy, outside observers begin to doubt one’s resolve. The thoughts expressed by Admiral Lou Yuan echo those of the Japanese militarists in 1940: the U.S. is a paper tiger, and will acquiesce to its rivals if smacked hard enough on the nose. Japan’s miscalculation led to a brutal Pacific War that ended in atomic fireballs over two of its cities. To see the line of thought being resurrected by the Chinese, whose potential to oppose the U.S. dwarfs that of Russia, should give plenty of people pause.
Afghanistan is known as “the graveyard of empires” for a reason. The sooner we recognize that, and take steps to restore the deterrent credibility we’ve lost there, the better. The misguided 17-year (and counting) occupation may have sought to avoid another 9/11. But at this point, it risks far worse outcomes by emboldening rivals who believe they’ve taken our measure by watching us there. Perhaps America in 2019 lacks the ability to muster the resolve shown after Pearl Harbor in 1941. Then again, perhaps not.
The only certain thing is it’s better to ensure we never have to find out.